Location: Located in central Kenya, it borders Murang'a county to the North and North East, Machakos county to the East, Nairobi and Kajiado counties to the South, Nakuru county to the West, and Nyandarua county to the North West.
Area (Km 2): 2,543.4 Km 2
Climate/Weather: Temperatures range from a minimum of 12.8°C to a maximum of 24.6°C with an average of 18.7°C. The average rainfall is 989mm per annum.
Road Network: Bitumen Surface (1,358 km), Gravel Surface (682.6 km), Earth Surface (430.1 Km)
Key National Monument(s): None
- Gatundu South
- Gatundu North
- Thika Town
Population: 1,623,282 (Male - 49%, Female - 51%)
Population Density: 638 people per km 2
National Percentage: 4.20%
Annual Growth Rate: 2.56
Age Distribution: 0-14 years (34.5 %), 15- 64 years (61.9 %), 65+ years (3.6%)
Number of Households: 469,244 a
Some strengths of Kiambu County include:
- Natural resources as Arable land, Forests, Water Falls
- Tourist attractions as Mau Mau Caves, Paradise Lost, Chania Falls and Fourteen Falls, Mugumo Gardens, Christina Wangare Gardens
- Main Economic Activities include Farming, Food Processing-Del Monte Company, Manufacturing (Leather), Mining (Carbacid), Textile (Cotton), Motor Vehicle Assembly, Wholesale and Retail Trade, Agriculture-Pineapples, Tea, Coffee, Wheat, Macadamia Nuts, Poultry, Horticulture, Dairy, Fish.
- It borders Nairobi hence giving residents of Nairobi alternate business centre.
Potential Minerals: Kaoline, diatomite, carbon dioxide
Number of Institutions (2007): Primary (1,135), Secondary (373)
Primary: Enrollment (291,765)
Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1: 43 (Public Schools)
Secondary: Enrollment (73,831)
Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:20 (Public Schools)
Tertiary: More than 15
Adult Literacy Classes: Enrollment: Over 9,337 (Central Province)
Health Facilities: District Hospitals (4), Sub-District Hospitals (3), Dispensaries (108), Health Centres (29), Medical Clinics (170), Nursing Homes (9), Maternity Homes (1), Others (22)
Doctor to Population Ratio: 1:25,000 (Kiambu District), 1:21,940 (Thika District)
Infant Mortality Rates: 7/1000 (Kiambu District), 63/1000 (Thika District)
Under five Mortality Rates: 8/1000 (Kiambu District), 36.7/1000 (Thika District)
Prevalent Disease: Malaria, Respiratory Tract Infections, Intestinal Worms, Broncho-pneumonia.
Notable Hospitals: Kiambu District Hospital, Thika District Hospital, Immaculate Heart of Mary Hospital.