Moi Avenue Tusks
Moi Avenue Tusks

Mombasa County lies on the shores of the Indian Ocean along Kenya’s coastline. It is located on the South Eastern part of the Kenya Coast. It borders the Indian Ocean to the East and South East, Kilifi County to the North and Kwale to the West and South West.

Mombasa Island is connected to the Mainland in the South by Likoni Ferry, to the North by Nyali Bridge and to the West by Makupa Course way. It is one of the smallest counties, with an area of 218.9KM2 and a population of 938,370. It serves as the capital city of the county with the largest seaport, the Kilindini harbour. It has an international airport and serves as a major tourist attraction for both local and international tourists.

Location: Located in Coastal Kenya, it borders Kilifi County to the North, Kwale County to the South and the Indian Ocean to the East.

Area (Km 2): 219 Km 2

Mombasa County

Constituencies: Changamwe, jomvu, kisauni, Nyali, Likoni, Mvita

Population: 939,370

Population Density: 4,292 people per Km 2

The Port of Mombasa is the largest in East Africa and a vital gateway for imports to Kenya and its neighbouring countries. The imports that pass through the port of Mombasa are critical to Kenya’s economic growth, and to the economic well-being of its neighbours. Liquid bulk items, mostly petroleum, oil and lubricants, are the single greatest import item by weight. Without these imports, Kenya’s economy (and most other countries of the EAC), which depends on imports for all of its petroleum needs, would grind to a halt. The next four largest items by weight, maize clinker, wheat, iron and steel, are critical in meeting the country’s food needs and in supporting its vibrant construction industry. Despite the overall importance, the volume handled in Mombasa, it is low by international standards. In 2008, Mombasa handled 616,000 twenty Foot Equivalent Units (TEU, which is the standard measurement of port activity). This represents double the volume of Dar es Salaam, but less than a quarter of Durban and only 2-2.5% of the volumes which go through the busiest ports in the world, Singapore and Hong Kong.

mombasa container

  • Tourism: Mombasa is the centre of coastal tourism in Kenya. Mombasa Island itself is not the main attraction, although many people visit the Old Town and Fort Jesus. The Nyali, Kenyatta, Bamburi, and Shanzu beaches are located north of the city. The Shelly, Tiwi, and Diani beaches are located south of Mombasa.
  • Industries: Mombasa is an industrial hub with companies such as Bamburi cement, Pwani oil, Kapa oil refineries ltd, wood carving, textile, Food processing, packaging and export.
  • Fishing:  these include Deep Sea Fishing: for Marlin or fly-fishing for Sailfish, shark, swordfish, wahoo and tuna.
  • Entertainment: Mombasa’s northern shore is re-known for its vibrant 24-hour entertainment that includes both family entertainment (water parks, cinemas, bowling, sports (watersports, mountain biking and go-karting), restaurant and night life.
  • Agriculture: sisal, sugarcane, cashew nuts, livestock keeping
  • Mining: of chrome ore, cement, salt, sand

mombasa economic status

Source: Data from KNBS census 2009.


  1. Employed - are those people that are working
  2. Not employed - are those people that are potential employees but have not secured any form of employment.
  3. Economically inactive - are the non-working age that comprises of very old and young people in the population.
  4. Unclassified - the population that had not indicated their economic category.


  • Fibre Optic: There are major intercontinental under sea telecom cables reach the shore in Mombasa, connecting East Africa to the rest of the world and supporting a fast-growing call centre in the area.
  • Inadequate road infrastructure making movement of vehicles in the City paralysed by the heavy traffic coming from the Port
  • Lack of investments in railways with no extension of rail since the colonial date
  • Concession of Kenya/Uganda railways ineffective

Mombasa has the following Universities and Colleges:

The main concern is that out of the total number enrolled in the universities at the coast, a very small percentage comes from coast while the majority comes from other parts of the country.

mombasa education

The main hospitals are:

  • Coast Provincial General Hospital
  • Port Reitz
  • Agha Khan Hospital

mombasa health

 The HIV/AIDS prevalence in the county in comparison to other coastal counties is as shown below.

mombasa HIV

  1. Security
  2. Combating of the drug menace in the county
  3. Technical capacity
  4. Synergisation of the economic potential with investments into the requisite infrastructure
  5. Targeted engagement with the private sector to realize both the economic potential & the necessary infrastructure
  6. Sharing of benefits from the port
  7. Land tenure issues with evictions being a common phenomenon



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