Trans Nzoia


Location: Located in the former Rift Valley Province, it borders the Republic of Uganda to the North West, and the following counties; West Pokot to North, Elgeyo Marakwet to the East, Uasin Gishu and Kakamega to the South, and Bungoma to the West and South West.

Area (Km 2): 2,495.5 Km 2

Climate/Weather: Temperatures range from a mean annual minimum of 10°C to a mean maximum of 37°C, with average rainfall amounts of 11,200mm per annum.

Road Network: Bitumen Surface (59.2 Km), Gravel Surface (135 Km), Earth Surface (306.5 Km)

Trans Nzoia County

  • Kwanza
  • Endebess
  • Saboti
  • Kiminini
  • Cherenganyi

Population: 818,757 (Male – 50 %, Female – 50 %)

Population Density: 328 people per Km 2

National Percentage: 2.12 %

Annual Growth Rate: 4.2 %

Age Distribution: 0-14 years (47.0 %), 15-64 years (50.2 %), 65+ years (2.8 %)

Number of Households: 170,117

  • Kitale Museum,
  • Mt. Elgon National Park,
  • Saiwa Swamp National Park

Some Strengths of Trans Nzoia County include:

  • Natural resources as water, arable land, livestock, pasture, wildlife, Cherangany Hills
  • Tourist Attractions as Kitale Museum, Mt. Elgon National Park, Kitale Nature Conservancy, Saiwa Swamp National Park
  •  Main Economic Activities include Horticulture, large-scale maize & wheat farming, tea, coffee, Commercial Businesses

Number of Institutions (2007): Primary (471), Secondary (120)

Primary: Enrolment (229,408)

Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:52 (Public Schools)

Secondary: Enrolment (24,361)

Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:18 (Public Schools)

Tertiary: Over 20 (Includes a University Campus, Nursing College, Farmers Training College, Youth Polytechnic, Teacher Training College, and Several Commercial Colleges)
Adult Literacy Classes: Enrollment – Data Not Available

Health Facilities: 78 – District Hospitals (2), Sub-District Hospitals (2), Dispensaries (33), Health Centres (7), Medical Clinics (28), Nursing Home (2), Other (4)

Doctor to Population Ratio: 1:26,000

Infant Mortality Rates: 60/1000 (Rift Valley)

Under Five Mortality Rates: 12/1000 (Rift Valley)

Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Upper Respiratory Tract Infections, Diarrhoea, Typhoid, Skin Diseases, Amoebic Dysentery

Notable Hospitals: Kitale District Hospital, Kapsara District Hospital.


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